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Functions of Female Hormones

Functions of Female Hormones

Libido, Energy Levels, Mood & More

Some women are symptomatic and others feel no change during the hormonal shifts that occur during their lifetimes. To understand the significance of these changes, it’s important to understand the functions of female hormones. Dr. Muth and the team at our functional medicine clinic near Milwaukee are hormone experts. We take every factor of a woman’s lifestyle and her health concerns into consideration when treating symptoms caused by hormonal shifts.

Basics about female hormones and how they function

Many systems of a woman’s body are affected by the functions of female hormones. Hormones are chemical “notes” that are formed by an orchestra of eight glands. These are the biochemical “conductors” of the female body that communicate with neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and dopamine, that are produced in the brain. Neurotransmitters affect a person’s mood, energy level, dietary cravings and sleep.

The functions of female hormones and their effects on the body change throughout a woman’s lifetime. Typically, hormones peak at age 20 and begin to fluctuate at approximately age 35. For example, at about age 40, estrogen levels begin to decrease as the body prepares for menopause.

If we think of hormones as an orchestra, then even one hormone that is out of balance will throw off the performance. Lifestyle, diet, toxic exposure and medications can all have direct effects on the functions of female hormones.

Functions of estrogen and progesterone

The functions of female hormones become very apparent when estrogen and progesterone levels fluctuate.


  • Causes breast and uterine tissue to grow
  • Fortifies the collagen layer of the skin
  • Affects cognitive function and mood
  • Affects libido
  • Lubricates vaginal tissue
  • Affects energy


  • Balances estrogen
  • Maintains pregnancy
  • Bolsters fetal brain and nervous system development
  • Stimulates bone growth
  • Helps calm and focus the brain
  • Helps burn fat and energy

Hormone testing

When we investigate health issues, we always consider the functions of female hormones and their effects. At our functional medicine clinic near Milwaukee, we often recommend hormone testing. We often test for estrogen, progesterone and testosterone (yes, women need this male hormone), DHEA-S and cortisol. We can also test melatonin, serotonin, norepinephrine and epinephrine levels.

At our functional medicine clinic near Milwaukee, we use bioidentical hormones to treat imbalances and improve the functions of female hormones, especially during menopause and other transitional periods of life. We have the expertise and knowledge to address hormonal issues and other health problems that are affecting your quality of life. Contact us for an appointment.

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